Red sandalwood

Pterocarpus santalinustree of India and East Indies yielding a hard fragrant timber prized for cabinetwork and dark red heartwood used as a dye-wood.

Pterocarpus santalinus is used in traditional herbal medicine as an antipyretic, anti-inflammatory, anthelmintic, tonic, hemorrhage, dysentery, aphrodisiac, anti-hyperglycaemic and diaphoretic.

Latine name:

Pterocarpus santalinus

Tibet name:

Tsenden marpo

Parts used:

Wood

Red sandalwood

Antimicrobial activity
Anti-inflammatory activity – inhibits TNF-alpha, COX.
Wound healing properties – promotes generation of new blood vessels (angiogenesis); stimulates growth factors.
Analgesic activity

Hepatoprotective properties – decreases serum liver marker enzymes; causes hepatocyte plasma membrane stabilisation and regeneration; activates microsomal enzymes; exhibits anti-hepatitis B virus potential.
Gastroprotective properties – exhibits anti-H.pyloric activity; reduces gastric lesions; increases activity of antioxidant enzymes; maintains functional integrity of cell membranes; prevents mitochondrial dysfunction.
Neuroprotective properties
Anti-hyperlipidemic activity – shows to reduce total cholesterol, triglycerides and lipoproteins and increase HDL; inhibits LDL oxidation; thus prevent development of atherosclerosis.

Anti-diabetic activity – increases insulin secretion; decreases gluconeogenesis; promotes regeneration of beta-cells; shows hypoglycaemic activity and improves carbohydrate metabolism.
Antioxidant activity – increases activity of antioxidant enzymes; have free radical scavenging properties; decreases lipid peroxidation.
Anti-cancer properties – enhances apoptosis of cancer cells; exerts cytotoxic effect.

venation action:
Balances blood and Wind disorders
Relieves anxiety

Gastrointestinal system:
Stops vomiting and nausea
Stops diarrhoea
Treats dysentery

Genitourinary system:
Stops excessive menstrual bleeding
Treats urinary tract infections
Treats premature ejaculation

Immune system and detoxification:
Purifies blood
Relieves limb swelling
Clear blood from fat
Lowers fever
Clears pathogenic microorganisms
Heals wounds and fractured bones
Treats inflammations
Relieves headache
Relieves heart palpitations
Clears eye infections
Stops bleeding

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