Pterocarpus santalinus – tree of India and East Indies yielding a hard fragrant timber prized for cabinetwork and dark red heartwood used as a dye-wood.
Pterocarpus santalinus is used in traditional herbal medicine as an antipyretic, anti-inflammatory, anthelmintic, tonic, hemorrhage, dysentery, aphrodisiac, anti-hyperglycaemic and diaphoretic.
Anti-inflammatory activity – inhibits TNF-alpha, COX.
Wound healing properties – promotes generation of new blood vessels (angiogenesis); stimulates growth factors.
Hepatoprotective properties – decreases serum liver marker enzymes; causes hepatocyte plasma membrane stabilisation and regeneration; activates microsomal enzymes; exhibits anti-hepatitis B virus potential.
Gastroprotective properties – exhibits anti-H.pyloric activity; reduces gastric lesions; increases activity of antioxidant enzymes; maintains functional integrity of cell membranes; prevents mitochondrial dysfunction.
Anti-hyperlipidemic activity – shows to reduce total cholesterol, triglycerides and lipoproteins and increase HDL; inhibits LDL oxidation; thus prevent development of atherosclerosis.
Anti-diabetic activity – increases insulin secretion; decreases gluconeogenesis; promotes regeneration of beta-cells; shows hypoglycaemic activity and improves carbohydrate metabolism.
Antioxidant activity – increases activity of antioxidant enzymes; have free radical scavenging properties; decreases lipid peroxidation.
Anti-cancer properties – enhances apoptosis of cancer cells; exerts cytotoxic effect.
Balances blood and Wind disorders
Stops vomiting and nausea
Stops excessive menstrual bleeding
Treats urinary tract infections
Treats premature ejaculation
Immune system and detoxification:
Relieves limb swelling
Clear blood from fat
Clears pathogenic microorganisms
Heals wounds and fractured bones
Relieves heart palpitations
Clears eye infections