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E. cardamomum (green cardamom) is used as a spice, a masticatory, and in medicine; it is also smoked.

Cardamom contains chemicals that might treat intestinal spasms, kill some bacteria, reduce swelling, and help the immune system.

Latin name: .
Tibet name: .
Part used: .
In nature Raw material
In nature
Raw material

It generally grows in tropical forest. Found in Indonesia, Sri-Lanka, Nepal, India and other countires at altitude of 2000 meters and lower regions.

  • Gastrointestinal effect – used to treatment of dyspepsia
  • Anti-ulcer activity – reduces secretion of gastric juice; inhibits growth of H.pylori
  • Choleretic activity – increases secretion of bile
  • Hepatoprotective activity – due to its antioxidant properties
  • Cardioprotective activity – demonstrates to have a potential to protect against myocardial infarction by restoring endogenous antioxidants, preserving histopathology and ultrastructures of myocardium, and improving cardiac function; shows to be worthy adjunct in prophylaxis from myocardium infarction or as a beneficial mediator in delaying the initiation, progression and development of myocardium infarction, in patients who are at risk of developing ischemic heart disease
  • Anti-spasmodic activity – reduces intestinal spasms; acts as smooth muscle relaxant
  • Anti-inflammatory action
  • Analgesic activity
  • Antimicrobial effect – shows some anti-fungal activity; inhibits multi-drug resistant Candida albicans; has antibacterial activity (e.g. S.aureus)
  • Antioxidant activity – inhibits formation of free radicals
  • Central nervous system depressant activity
  • Anti-mutagenic activity
  • Rejuvenation action
  • Balances Wind and cures cold kidney disorders
  • Restores physical strength
  • Increases libido and potency
  • Improves memory and clears mind
  • Clears dampness and Phlegm

Gastrointestinal system:

  • Improves digestive heat
  • Stops diarrhoea, vomiting and nausea
  • Relieves gastrointestinal spasms
  • Relieves bloating, belching, flatulence and abdominal pain
  • Decreases stomach acidity
  • Reduces inflammation of stomach lining and soothes the mucous membranes
  • Improves appetite
  • Heals mouth and gastrointestinal ulcers
  • Improves mouth and gut microflora
  • Clears parasites

Genitourinary system:

  • Warms the kidneys
  • Supports urinary bladder and uterus
  • Acts as diuretic
  • Expels urinary stones
  • Relieves cystitis and nephritis

Immune system and detoxification:

  • Relieves cough and asthma
  • Treats respiratory tract infections
  • Relieves chest congestion and tightness
  • Expels phlegm and cough
  • Relieves asthma
  • Lowers fever
  • Improves blood circulation
  • Relieves joint pain, swelling and stiffness

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